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Journal of the Korean Chemical Society (JKCS)

ISSN 1017-2548(Print)
ISSN 2234-8530(Online)
Volume 59, Number 3
JKCSEZ 59(3)
June 20, 2015 

Simultaneous Determination of Ultra-Trace Pesticides and Synthetic Materials in Surface Water by LC-ESI-MS/MS

하천수에서 LC-ESI-MS/MS에 의한 극미량 농약류 및 합성원료의 동시분석법
Seon Haw Hong, Jun Bae Lee, Soo Hyung Lee, Young Hwan Cho, Ho Sang Shin*

홍선화, 이준배, 이수형, 조영환, 신호상*
농약, 합성원료, 하천수, 고체상 추출, 액체크로마토그래피 텐덤 질량분석법 , Pesticide, Synthetic material, Surface water, Solid phase extraction, Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry
하천수 중에 7가지의 농약류(2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, 메소밀, 알디캅, MCPA, molinate, 카바릴, 카보퓨란)와 2 가지의 합성원료(quinoline, 비스페놀-A)를 액체크로마토그래피 전자분무 이온화 질량분석법(liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry, LC-ESI-MS/MS)을 사용하여 분석하였다. 분석물질들은 고체상 추출법(solid-phase extraction, SPE)을 사용하여 추출하였다. 용리액은 질소가스로 농축하였다. 잔여물에 30% 메탄올 수용액 100 μL를 재 용해시켜 0.2 μm PTFE 실린지 필터로 거른 후 그 일부를 LC-ESI-MS/MS에 직접 주입하여 분석하였다. 확립된 조건에서 검정곡선은 0.997 이상의 상관계수를 갖는 직선성을 보였다. 정량한계는 0.002~0.011 μg/L 이었고, 정밀도는 16.4% 이하였다. 또한 정확도는 84~107%의 범위를 보였고, 회수율은 56.2~98.6% 값을 나타내었다. 본 연구에서 개발한 분석법을 실제 하천수 분석에 적용하였다.

A liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry method (LC-ESI-MS/MS) was used for determining seven pesticides (2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, methomyl, aldicarb, 2-methyl- 4-chlorophenoxy- acetic acid, molinate, carbaryl and carbofuran) and two synthetic materials (quinoline and bisphenol-A) in surface water. The analytes were extracted using solid-phase extraction (SPE). The eluate was concentrated by nitrogen gas. 100 microliters of 30% (v/v) methanol aqueous solution were used to dissolve the residue and an aliquot of the reconstituted solution was directly injected into LC-ESI-MS/MS after the filtration using 0.2 μm polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) syringe filter. Under the established condition, the calibration curves of the analytes were linear with correlation coefficients of above 0.997. The quantification limit was 0.002~0.011 μg/L and the relative standard deviations were less than 16.4%. In addition, accuracy was in the range of 84~107% and the recoveries were values between 56.2 and 98.6%. In this study, the developed method was applied to the analysis of real surface water samples.

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