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Journal of the Korean Chemical Society (JKCS)

ISSN 1017-2548(Print)
ISSN 2234-8530(Online)
Volume 57, Number 4
JKCSEZ 57(4)
August 20, 2013 

Determination of Surface Energy by Means of Home-Made Goniometer and Image Analyzing Software for Contact Angle Measurement

수제 접촉각 측정기와 영상 분석 프로그램을 이용한 표면에너지의 측정
Seo Rin Cho, Han Gook Cho*

조서린, 조한국*
Contact angle, Surface energy, Image analysis, Goniometer, Water repellability
We report a contact angle goniometer that can be easily assembled and used in high school and general chemistry experiments. It consists of an LED flash, a sample stand, and a camera fixed on an optical bread board, and the sample area is covered to block light from outside with a box with holes on both sides. ImageJ, free image analyzing software and a JAVA plugin (Drop_analysis) were used to determine the contact angle of liquid drop resting on solid surface. The contact angles of various liquids were successfully measured on various surfaces. The solid surface energies have also been determined using the Owen-Wendt method from the contact angles of H2O and CH2I2. The results reasonably agree with the previously reported values, showing the surface characteristics and modification as well as the dispersive and polar contributions. These contact angle goniometer and method for determination of the contact angle and surface energy can be applied to observation of various surface properties including wettability, hydrophilicity, and water repelling. Students can learn how the surface properties are related to the intermolecular interactions and gain experience about the equilibrium between the related forces, optics, and mathematical derivations.
432 - 438
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