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Journal of the Korean Chemical Society (JKCS)

ISSN 1017-2548(Print)
ISSN 2234-8530(Online)
Volume 57, Number 3
JKCSEZ 57(3)
June 20, 2013 

Effect of HPAM on Calcium Carbonate Crystallization
Guolin Jing*, Shan Tang, Xiaoxiao Li
HPAM, Calcium carbonate crystallization, Vaterite, Internal cause
With the wide application of ASP (alkaline-surfactant-polymer) flooding, the scaling becomes more and more serious, which is harmful to the oilfield and environment. In order to investigate the effects of HPAM on calcium carbonate crystallization, the crystallization behaviors of CaCO3 in HPAM (Hydrolyzed polyacrylamide) solutions were studied and the composition and morphology of CaCO3 crystal were investigated in different concentrations of polyacrylamide solutions. The crystal forms and morphologies of CaCO3 were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy. The results show that the crystallization of CaCO3 is strongly influenced by the HPAM. The paper analyzed the internal cause, and the results show: The reasons leading to the change of morphology are carboxyl groups in polyacrylamide molecule and Ca2+ in solution form chelates by coordination bond. And the chelates are adsorbed on the calcium hydroxide surfaces of solid-liquid interfaces so as to change the formation rate of calcium carbonate crystal nucleus. The research provides a reliable basis for the mechanism research of the scaling problem in the oil extraction process of ASP flooding and the adoption of scale inhibition and scale inhibitor.
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