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Journal of the Korean Chemical Society (JKCS)

ISSN 1017-2548(Print)
ISSN 2234-8530(Online)
Volume 56, Number 2
JKCSEZ 56(2)
April 20, 2012 

Design and Synthesis of p-hydroxybenzohydrazide Derivatives for their Antimycobacterial Activity
Ritesh P Bhole, Deepak D Borkar, Kishore P Bhusari, Prashant A Patil
3D QSAR, GLIDE, Benzohydrazide
The main mycobacterial infection in human is tuberculosis caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Tuberculosis is the leading infectious cause of death in the world. Therefore there is continuing and compelling need for new and improved treatment for tuberculosis. The entire logic towards design of new compounds containing 4-hydroxy-N'-(1,3-thiazoldin- 2-yldene)benzohydrazide moiety is basically for superior antimycobacterial activity. The recent advances in QSAR and computer science have provided a systematic approach to design a structure of any compound and further, the biological activity of the compound can be predicted before synthesis. The 3D-QSAR studies for the set of 4-hydroxy-N'-(1,3-thiazoldin- 2-yldene)benzohydrazide and their derivatives were carried out by using V-life MDS (3.50). The various statistical methods such as Multiple Linear Regression (MLR), Partial Least Square Regression (PLSR), Principle Component Regression(PCR) and K nearest neighbour (kNN) were used. The kNN showed good results having cross validated r2 0.9319, r2 for external test set 0.8561 and standard error of estimate 0.2195. The docking studies were carried out by using Schrodinger GLIDE module which resulted in good docking score in comparison with the standard isoniazid. The designed compounds were further subjected for synthesis and biological evaluation. Antitubercular evaluation of these compounds showed that (4.a), (4.d) and (4.g) found as potent inhibitor of H37RV.
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