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Journal of the Korean Chemical Society (JKCS)

ISSN 1017-2548(Print)
ISSN 2234-8530(Online)
Volume 55, Number 3
JKCSEZ 55(3)
June 20, 2011 

Synthesis, Structure and Characterization of Nd2XCd2-3XSiO4 (0.01≤X≤0.21) Solid-Solutions

Nd2XCd2-3XSiO4 (0.01≤X≤0.21) 고용체의 합성과 구조 규명
S Ramesh*, B B Das

S Ramesh*, B B Das
나노복합재료, 졸-겔, X선 회절, 광학 특성, 전자 상자성 공명 , Nanocomposites, Sol-gel, X-ray diffraction, Optical properties, Electron paramagnetic resonance
Nd2xCd2-3xSiO4 (0.01≤x≤0.21) [S1-S3: x=0.01, 0.11 and 0.21] 고용체를 졸-겔 방법을 통해 합성하였다. X선 분말 회절(XRD) 측정은 P21/m 공간군의 단사정계를 보여준다. 평균 결정 크기는 20-45 nm이다. 주사전자현미경(SEM)으로 살 펴본 모양은 구형의 특성을 보인다. 에너지 분산 X 선 분광기(EDS) 결과로부터 모든 구성 원소의 존재를 확인하였다. ~750 nm에서의 흡수 밴드는 Nd3+ 이온의 4I9/2→ 4F7/2+ 4S3/2 전이에 기인한다. 10, 40, 77, 300 K에서 S1-S3의 전자 상자성 공명 (EPR) 선모양은 Nd3+ 이온의 빠른 스핀 격자 이완에 기인하는 폭이 넓은 구분되지 않은 등방성의 선모양을 보여준다.

Synthesis of Nd2xCd2-3xSiO4 (0.01≤x≤0.21) [S1-S3: x=0.01, 0.11 and 0.21] solid solutions were prepared by solgel method. Powder x-ray diffraction (XRD) results show monoclinic unit cell with space group P21/m. The average crystallite sizes are found to be 20 to 45 nm. The Scanning Electron Microcopy (SEM) images show morphology of the sample is in globular nature. The energy dispersive analysis of x-rays (EDX) and X-ray mapping results confirmed that all the constituent elements of the composites were present and that were distributed in uniformly. The optical absorption band at ~750 nm was due to 4I9/2→ 4F7/2 + 4S3/2 transition optically active Nd3+ ions. Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR) lineshapes of S1-S3 at 10, 40, 77 and 300 K show a broad unresolved isotropic lineshapes were observed due to rapid spin lattice relaxation of Nd3+.

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