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Journal of the Korean Chemical Society (JKCS)

ISSN 1017-2548(Print)
ISSN 2234-8530(Online)
Volume 55, Number 2
JKCSEZ 55(2)
April 20, 2011 

 
Title
Effects of pH and Temperature on the Adsorption of Cationic Dyes from Aqueous Suspension by Maghnia Montmorillonite

수용액으로부터 양이온 염료 흡수에 대한 pH 및 온도 효과
Author
A Elaziouti*, N Laouedj

A Elaziouti*, N Laouedj
Keywords
Maghnia clay, 흡수, 양이온 염료, isotherm, Langmuir, Freundlich, D-R, NR, MG , Maghnia clay, Adsorption, Cationic dye, Isotherm, Langmuir, Freundlich, D-R, NR, MG
Abstract
Maghnia montmorillonite clay를 이용하여, 두 가지 염료(neutral red; NR과 malachite green oxalates; MG)에 대한 pH 및 온도 효과를 측정하였다. 수용액 속에서 MG는 pH 3-9에서 흡수가 나타나는 반면에, 양이온 NR은 pH 3-5에서 red shift 흡수피크가 나타났으며, 중성 NR은 pH 8-12에서 흡수피크가 얻어졌다. NR에 대해서는 465.13 mg/g, MG에 대해서는 459.89 mg/g의 최대 흡수 피크가 각각 298와 318 K에서 얻어졌으며, 자유에너지 Ea 값은 각각 4.472-5.559 kJ/mol과 2.000- 2.886 kJ/mol로 얻어졌다. 도한, as ΔH°, ΔS°, ΔG° and Ea과 같은 다양한 열역학적인 변수들을 계산했으며, 전체적인 반응 의 흡수과정은 자발적이고, 흡열반응으로 진행됨을 알 수 있었다.

The effects of pH and temperature on the removal of two dyes (neutral red; NR and malachite green oxalates; MG) from aqueous effluents using Maghnia montmorillonite clay in a batch adsorption process were investigated. The results showed the stability of the optical properties of MG in aqueous solution and adsorbed onto clay under wide range of pH 3-9. However, the interaction of NR dye with clay is accompanied by a red shift of the main absorption bands of monomer cations under pH range of 3-5, whereas, those of neutral form remains nearly constant over the pH range of 8- 12. The optimal pH for favorable adsorption of the dyes, i.e. ≥90% has been achieved in aqueous solutions at 6 and 7 for NR and VM respectively. The most suitable adsorption temperatures were 298 and 318 K with maximum adsorption capacities of 465.13mg/g for NR and 459.89 mg/g for MG. The adsorption equilibrium results for both dyes follow Langmuir, Freundlich isotherms. The numerical values of the mean free energy Ea of 4.472-5.559 kj/mol and 2.000-2.886 kj/mol for NR and MG respectively indicated physical adsorption. Various thermodynamic parameters, such as ΔH°, ΔS°, ΔG° and Ea have been calculated. The data showed that the adsorption process is spontaneous and endothermic. The sticking probability model was further used to assess the potential feasibility of the clay mineral as an alternative adsorbent for organic ion pollutants in aqueous solution.

Page
208 - 217
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