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Journal of the Korean Chemical Society (JKCS)

ISSN 1017-2548(Print)
ISSN 2234-8530(Online)
Volume 55, Number 2
JKCSEZ 55(2)
April 20, 2011 

 
Title
Effect of N-Methyl Acetamide on the Critical Micelle Concentration of Aqueous Solutions of Some Surfactants

수용액상 계면활성제의 임계 미셀 농도에 대한 N-methyl acetamide의 영향
Author
Sadeq M Alawi*, M Salim Akhter

Sadeq M Alawi*, M Salim Akhter
Keywords
N-methyl acetamide, 전도도, 임계 미셀 농도, 소수성 상호작용, 미셀 , N-methyl acetamide, Conductivity, Critical micelle concentration, Hydrophobic interactions, Micelle
Abstract
다양한 농도의 N-methyl acetamide 수용액에서 계면 활성제의 농도에 따른 계면활성제들 (sodium caprylate, sodium laurate, sodium palmitate, sodium stearate, sodium oleate, sodium dodecyl sulphate, lithium dodecyl sulphate)의 몰 전도도 변화를 30±0.2 oC의 일정온도에서 연구하였다. 각각의 계면활성제에 대한 임계 미셀 농도 (CMC)를 측정하였다. 수용액에 N-methyl acetamide이 공존할 때에는 여러 계면 활성제의 CMC 값이 수용액에서의 CMC 값보다 더 낮고, 미셀 형성에 대 한 추진력은 소용매성과 관련되었다. N-methyl acetamide 수용액에서 양쪽성 자기-조직화를 추진하는 계면활성제-용매의 상 호작용에 대해 논의하였다. 이 결과들을 설명하기 위하여 미셀 시스템에 대한 열역학적 매개변수들을 추정하였다.

The variations of molar conductivity of various surfactants such as sodium caprylate, sodium laurate, sodium palmitate, sodium stearate, sodium oleate, sodium dodecyl sulphate, and lithium dodecyl sulphate with concentrations of the surfactants for each of the solutions consisting of mixtures of varying concentrations of N-methyl acetamide in water at constant temperature of 30±0.2 oC were studied. The critical micelle concentration (CMC) for each surfactant is measured. It is found that the CMC values in mixtures of N-methyl acetamide and water solutions of various surfactants are lower than the CMC values in water, and the driving force for micelle formation correlates with solvophobicity. The surfactant-solvent interactions that drive amphiphilic self-organization in N-methyl acetamide in water are discussed. Thermodynamic parameters were evaluated for micellar system to explain the results.

Page
163 - 168
Full Text
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