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Journal of the Korean Chemical Society (JKCS)

ISSN 1017-2548(Print)
ISSN 2234-8530(Online)
Volume 54, Number 1
JKCSEZ 54(1)
February 20, 2010 

 
Title
Kinetic and Thermodynamic Studies of Brilliant Green Adsorption onto Carbon/Iron Oxide Nanocomposite

탄소/산화철 나노복합재료의 Brilliant Green 흡착에 대한 반응속도론적, 열역학적 연구
Author
Rais Ahmad*, Rajeev Kumar

Rais Ahmad*, Rajeev Kumar
Keywords
나노복합재료, 흡착, 열열학, 반응속도론, 탈착 , Nanocomposite, Adsorption, Kinetic, Thermodynamic, Desorption
Abstract
본 연구에서는 수용액 중에서 유해한 brilliant green (BG) 제거를 위한 탄소와 산화철 나노복합재료의 흡착특성을 살펴보았다. 탄소와 산화철 나노복합재료는 화학침전법과 750oC에서 질산 철과 탄소를 열처리 함으로서 합성하였다. 그 생성물은 TEM, XRD, 그리고 TGA를 이용하여 확인하였다. 나노복합재료에 대한 BG의 흡착 연구는 열역학적 인자와 반응속도론적인자들을 이용하여 수행하였다. 흡착 속도식은 준 이차 속도식이 준 일차 속도식에 비해 잘 들어맞는다고 보여준다. 실험 결과는 Langmuir 과 Freundlich 흡착 등온선을 이용하여 분석하였다. 평형 데이터는 Langmuir모델에 잘 들어맞으며 최대 단일층 흡착 용량 64.1 mg/g 을 갖는다. 열역학적 인자들은 나노복합재료에 BG의 흡착 으로부터 유도하며 흡착은 자발적이며 흡열 과정임을 확인하였다.

In the present work, we have investigated the adsorption efficiency of carbon/iron oxide nanocomposite towards removal of hazardous brilliant green (BG) from aqueous solutions. Carbon/iron oxide nanocomposite was prepared by chemical precipitation and thermal treatment of carbon with ferric nitrate at 750oC. The resulting material was thoroughly characterized by TEM, XRD and TGA. The adsorption studies of BG onto nanocomposite were performed using kinetic and thermodynamic parameters. The adsorption kinetics shows that pseudo-second-order rate equation was fitted better than pseudo-first-order rate equation. The experimental data were analyzed by the Langmuir and Freundlich adsorption isotherms. Equilibrium data was fitted well to the Langmuir model with maximum monolayer adsorption capacity of 64.1 mg/g. The thermodynamic parameters were also deduced for the adsorption of BG onto nanocomposite and the adsorption was found to be spontaneous and endothermic.

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