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Journal of the Korean Chemical Society (JKCS)

ISSN 1017-2548(Print)
ISSN 2234-8530(Online)
Volume 54, Number 1
JKCSEZ 54(1)
February 20, 2010 

Competitive Adsorption of Two Basic Dyes RB5 and GB4 on a Local Clay

점토에 대한 2개 염기성 염료 RB5와 GB4의 경쟁 흡착
A Elaziouti*, Z Derriche, Z Bouberka, N Laouedj

A Elaziouti*, Z Derriche, Z Bouberka, N Laouedj
소듐-교환 점토; 흡착; 반응속도론; 등온; BR5 and BG4 염료, 경쟁 , Sodium-exchanged clay, Adsorption, Kinetics, Isotherm, BR5 and BG4 dyes, Competition
알제리에서 출토되는 소듐-교환된 Maghnia 점에 대한 2개 염기성 염료인 RB5와 BG4의 흡착평형을 조사한 결과, 최대흡착능은 각기 465.13 와 469.90 mg/g 으로 나타났다. ADMI 방법을 사용한 BR5 and BG4의 동시 흡착 실험에서 3개 다른 초기농도비R (R=C (BR5)/C(BG4)) 2.5/1, 1/1, 1/2.5 을 사용하였다. 염료혼합물로부터 등온흡착 여부를 조사하여 경쟁 흡착인지를 알 수 있다. 점토 표면 위 흡착 활성자리를 위한 BR5 and BG4 간 매우 강한 상호작용(R = 1/1)이 관찰되었다. RB 5 와 BG 4의 흡착능의 비율 R’ (R’= Qe (mixture)/Qe (single))은 초기 농도 비율 R (R= C(BR5)/C(BG4)) 이 2.5/1, 1/1 and 1/2.5 인 경우에 대해 각기 0.86, 0.74, 0.84 로 얻어졌다. Langmuir 와 Freundlich 모델이 각기 염료 뿐만 아니라 염료 혼합물의 흡착 거동에 잘 들어 맞음을 알 수 있었다.

The equilibrium of adsorption of basics dyes RB 5 and BG 4 from a single dyes in the mixtures on the sodium-exchanged clay of the Maghnia (Algeria) was studied. The maximum adsorption capacities of BR5 and BG4 in single dyes were 465.13 and 469.90 mg/g respectively. In the simultaneous adsorption of BR5 and BG4 from mixture solutions, three different initials concentrations ratios R (R=C(BR5)/C(BG4)) were tested: 2.5/1, 1/1 and 1/2.5 using ADMI method. The isotherms adsorptions of dyes from the mixtures are characteristics of competition phenomenon. A very strong interaction between BR5 and BG4 for the active sites of adsorption of surface of clay is obtained for R = 1/1. The ratio R’ (R’= Qe (mixture)/Qe (single)) of the adsorption capacity of BR5 and BG4 in the mixture were reduced by factor of 0.86, 0.74 and 0.84 for the initials concentrations ratios R (R= C(BR5)/C(BG4)) of 2.5/1, 1/1 and /2.5 respectively. The variation of the ratio of the adsorption capacity R of BR5 and BG4 in the mixture solutions with initial concentration ratios R indicates that BR5 dye is slightly favourable in the competition adsorption than BG4. Langmuir and Freundlich models fit very well with adsorption behaviour of single dyes as well as the dyes in mixture solutions.

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