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Journal of the Korean Chemical Society (JKCS)

ISSN 1017-2548(Print)
ISSN 2234-8530(Online)
Volume 54, Number 1
JKCSEZ 54(1)
February 20, 2010 

Synthesis and 3D-QSAR of p-Hydroxybenzohydrazide Derivatives With Antimicrobial Activity Against Multidrug-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus

다중의약품에 저항하는 Staphylococcus aureus 균에 항균성을 가지는 파라-히드록시벤조히드라자이드 유도체의 합성과 구조-활성관계 3차원 정량분석
Ritesh P Bhole*, Kishore P Bhusari

Ritesh P Bhole*, Kishore P Bhusari
구조-활성관계 3차원 정량분석, 상, 항균성, 파라-히드록시벤조히드라자이드 , 3D-QSAR, PHASE, Antimicrobial, p-Hydroxybenzohydrazide
40여년전에 보고된 이래 병원에서 유래한 메치실린-저항 Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) 은 세계적으로 큰 문제가 되어왔다. 항균성의 가능성을 가지는 새로운 약품을 개발하기 위하여 N’-[(-3-substituted-4-oxo-1,3-thiazolidin-2-ylidene]-4-hydroxy benzohydrazide (4a-4.i)와 N’-[-(3,4-disubstituted)-1,3-thiazolidin-2ylidene)]-4-hydroxybenzohydrazide (5.a-5.i) ~ (10.a-10.i)을 적절한 합성방법을 사용하여 합성하였다. 이들 합성된 화합물들은 s. aureus 균주에 대해 생체외 조건에서 분석하였다. 시료 화합물과 표준 화합물에 대해 최소억제농도(MIC)를 결정하였다. 시험한 모든 화합물들은 2000 μg/mL 투여량까지는 독성이 없었고,사용한 균주에 대해 상당한 항균성을 보였다. 특히 6.f, 7.g, 9.f 와 10.f, 10 i 들이 가장 항균성이 컸다. 이것으로 미루어 파라-히드록시벤조히드라자이드 고리와 치환된 싸이아졸린 고리는 항균성에 필수적임을 알 수 있었다. 3D-QSAR 분석결과로 파라-히드록시벤조히드라자이드의 활성자리에 대한 결합방식을 알게되었다.

Hospital-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has been an increasing problem worldwide since the initial reports over 40 years ago. To examine new drug leads with potential antibacterial activities, Various N’-[(-3-substituted-4-oxo-1,3-thiazolidin-2-ylidene]-4-hydroxy benzohydrazide (4a-4.i) and N’-[-(3,4-disubstituted)-1,3-thiazolidin-2ylidene)]-4-hydroxybenzohydrazide from (5.a-5.i) to (10.a-10.i) were synthesized using appropriate synthetic route. The entire test compounds (4.a-4.i) and from (5.a-5.i) to (10.a-10.i) were assayed in vitro against s. aureus strain. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) was determined for test compounds and for reference standards. The test compounds showed significant antibacterial activity against the strains used, when tested in vitro. In general, p-hydroxybenzohydrazide ring and substituted thiazoline ring are essential for antimicrobial activity. Among the compounds tested, compounds 6.f, 7.g, 9.f and 10.f, 10 i were found to be most potent. The test compounds were found nontoxic upto the dose level of 2000 μg/mL. The intact compounds were then subjected for 3D-QSAR studies. 3D-QSAR study based on the principal of alignment of pharmacophoric features by Schrodinger PHASE module. The 3D-QSAR study allowed us to confirm the preferential binding mode of p-hydroxybenzohydrazide inside the active site.

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