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Journal of the Korean Chemical Society (JKCS)

ISSN 1017-2548(Print)
ISSN 2234-8530(Online)
Volume 52, Number 2
JKCSEZ 52(2)
April 20, 2008 

 
Title
Relationship Between Problem Finding Ability and Problem Solving Ability in Chemistry

문제발견 능력과 화학 문제해결 능력과의 관계
Author
Si-Gyeong Ryu*, Jong-Seok Park

류시경*, 박종석
Keywords
문제발견 능력, 문제해결 능력, 적용 능력 , Problem Finding Ability (PFA), Problem Solving Ability (PSA), Application Ability
Abstract
본 연구의 목적은 고등학생들의 문제발견 능력과 화학 문제해결 능력 사이에 어떠한 관계가 있는지를 알아보는 것이다. 이를 위해 낮게 구조화된 과학 관련 문제 상황에서 문제발견 활동 결과와 대학수학능력시험 화 학I의 모의평가 결과 간의 상관관계를 분석하였다. 분석 결과, 문제발견 능력은 화학I 모의평가 점수와 상관(r=.346) 이 있었으며, 평가 요소 중 ‘적용 능력’과 약간의 상관관계(r=.390)가 있는 것으로 나타났다. 특히 상위 집단의 유창 성이 적용 능력과 높은 상관관계(r=.446)가 있는 것으로 나타났다. 이는 화학I의 성취도가 높은 학생들의 개념 적용 능력은 다양한 문제를 발견하는 능력과 밀접한 관련성이 있음을 의미한다. 또한 화학I 모의평가에서 높은 점수를 받은 학생들과 낮은 점수를 받은 학생들의 문제발견 능력은 차이가 거의 없는 것으로 나타났다(t=.830, p=.411).

The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between high school students’ Problem Finding Ability (PFA) and chemistry problem solving ability. To achieve this purpose, the interrelationship between the results of PFA in ill-structured scientific problem situation and the scores of sham examination in chemistry I of College Scholastic Ability Test (CSAT) was analyzed. The results of this study turned out to be as follows: There was correlation (r=.346) between the score of PFA test and that of sham examination in chemistry I of the CSAT. And a little correlation (r=.390) between PFA and students’ application ability which is one of the sub factors in sham examination of the CSAT. Especially, in the high achievers’ group there was high correlation (r=.446) between students’ fluency which is one of the sub factors in PFA, and application ability. This implies that the application ability of high achievers has something to do with their PFA for a variety of problems. As for the PFA between high achievers and low achievers, there was no significant difference (t=.830, p=.411).

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