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Journal of the Korean Chemical Society (JKCS)

ISSN 1017-2548(Print)
ISSN 2234-8530(Online)
Volume 52, Number 2
JKCSEZ 52(2)
April 20, 2008 

 
Title
Cadmium Extraction from Solutions by Solid-Phase and its Trace Determination

고상에서 용액으로 부터 카드뮴 추출과 잔유물 측정
Author
F. Ashrafi*, A. M. Attaran, N. Memar Kermani

F. Ashrafi*, A. M. Attaran, N. Memar Kermani
Keywords
Polyvinyl chloride 막; Bis-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate; Malachite green; 고상추출 , Polyvinyl chloride membrane; Bis-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate; Malachite green; Solid-phase extraction
Abstract
고상추출 매질로 bis-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate를 포함하는 polyvinyl chloride막을 사용하여 카드뮴의 잔유양 을 측정하기 위한 새로운 민감하고 선택적인 분광광도법을 연구하였다. Bis-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate는 가소제로 사용되 었다. 수용액에서 Cd(II)은 색을 가진 Cd(II) - I- - MG 착체(여기서 MG는 malachite green이다). 형으로 있는 막에 의해 트랩되었고, 카드뮴 착체는 막에 농축되었다. 그린색의 막의 흡수는 분광광도법을 사용하여 629 nm에서 측정되었 다. 카드뮴 농도는 Cd(II) 농도와 25분 동안 착색후 막의 흡수 사이에 관계로 나타내는 검정곡선으로부터 계산하였다. 검정곡선은 시험용액에서 10-760 μgL-1 cadmium 범위에서 선형이었다. 3Sbl criterion의 검출한계는 1.8199 μgL-1 상 대 표준편차(RSD)는 4% (n=5).보다 적다. 제안된 방법은 Tadjan강(Sari-Iran), 에 있는 카드뮴의 잔량을 성공적으로 측 정하였다. 28.7 μgL-1의 평균 값을 얻었다.

A new sensitive and selective spectrophotometric method for determination of trace amounts of cadmium using a polyvinyl chloride membrane containing bis-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate as a solid phase extraction medium was investigated. Bis-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate has used as a plasticizer. Cd(II) in an aqueous solution was trapped on the membrane in the form of colorful Cd (II)-I- - MG complexes (which MG is malachite green) and the cadmium complex was concentrated in the membrane. The absorbance of the green membrane was measured at 629 nm using a spectrophotometer, and then, the concentration of the cadmium was calculated using a calibration curve, which expressed the relationship between the Cd(II) concentration and the membrane absorbance after coloring for 25 min. The calibration curve was linear in the range of 10-760 μgL-1 cadmium in the test solution. The detection limit based on the 3Sbl criterion was 1.8199 μgL-1 and the relative standard deviations (RSD) were less than 4 % (n=5). The proposed method has been successfully applied to the determination of trace amounts of cadmium in the Tadjan River water sample (Sari-Iran), and the mean value of 28.7 μgL-1 was obtained.

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