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Journal of the Korean Chemical Society (JKCS)

ISSN 1017-2548(Print)
ISSN 2234-8530(Online)
Volume 47, Number 6
JKCSEZ 47(6)
December 20, 2003 

 
Title
Surface Mmodification of Poly(DL-lactide-co-glycolide) Nanoparticle

Poly(DL-lactide-co-glycolide) 나노입자의 표면 수식
Author
Yu Mi Oh, Taek Kyu Jung, Sang Cheol Chi, Byung Cheol Shin*

오유미, 정택규, 지상철, 신병철*
Keywords
PLGA, 나노입자, 양이온성 유화제, 백신, 표면 수식 , PLGA, Nanoparticle, Vaccine, Cationic Surfactant, Surface Modification
Abstract
생분해성 고분자인 poly(DL-lactide-co-glycolide)(PLGA)를 자발적 유화용매 확산(spontaneous emulsification solvent diffusion, SESD)법을 이용하여 표면이 양이온으로 수식된 나노입자로 제조하고 그 특성을 조사하였다. 고분자 용액은 에탄올과 아세톤의 이종 혼합 용매를 사용하였고, 유화제는 양이온성 유화제인 cetyltrimethylammonium chloride(CTAC), tetradecyltrimethylammonium bromide(TTAB)와 비이온성 유화제인 polyethylene glycol-block-polypropylene glycol 공중합체(Lutrol F68)를 사용하였다. 제조한 입자에 결합한 백신은 인플루엔자(H3N2, H1N1, B strain)이었고 입자에 대한 백신의 코팅 양은 NHS-fluorescein을 사용하여 확인하였다. 양이온성과 비이온성 유화제가 표면에 수식된 입자의 크기는 160-180 nm와 80-90 nm이었고 제타포텐셜은 50~60 mV, -10 mV이었다. 백신 코팅 후 입자의 크기는 양이온성이 380-400 nm, 비이온성은 별다른 크기 변화가 없었다. 양이온이 수식된 입자에 코팅된 백신의 양은 22.73 mg/mg이었다.

We studied on preparation of nanoparticles modified surface using biodegradable polymer, poly(DL-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA). Two kinds of PLGA nanoparticles were prepared by a spontaneous emulsification solvent diffusion (SESD) method using cetyltrimethylammonium chloride (CTAC) and tetradecyltrimethylammonium bromide (TTAB) as a cationic surfactant and polyethylene glycol-block-polypropylene glycol copolymer (Lutrol F68) as a nonionic surfactant. Model protein was coated on the surface of nanoparticles by the ionic complexation. The model protein was that influenza vaccine (H3N2, H1N1, B strain) labeled with NHS-fluorescein. The sizes of cationic nanoparticles were 140-160 nm and the surface charges were 50-60 mV. The sizes of nonionic nanoprticles were 80-90 nm and the surface charge was -10 mV. After coating vaccine on the surface of nanoparticles, the sizes of cationic nanoparticles were increased to 380-400 nm and the size of nonionic nanoparticles was not increased. The amount of coated vaccine on the cationic nanoparticles was 22.73 mg/mg.

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