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Journal of the Korean Chemical Society (JKCS)

ISSN 1017-2548(Print)
ISSN 2234-8530(Online)
Volume 47, Number 5
JKCSEZ 47(5)
October 20, 2003 

 
Title
Poly(DL-Lactide-co-Glycolide) Nanoparticles Used PEG-PPG Diblock Copolymer by Surfactant: Preparation and Loading of Water Insoluble Drug

유화제로서 PEG-PPG 블록 공중합체를 이용한 Poly(DL-Lactide-co-Glycolide) 나노입자: 제조 및 지용성 약물의 로딩
Author
Taek Kyu Jung, Sung Soo Kim, Byung Cheol Shin

정택규, 김승수, 신병철
Keywords
PLGA, 나노입자, 유화, 비타민 , PLGA, Nanoparticle, Emulsification, Vitamin
Abstract
본 연구에서는 나노입자의 제조 방법인 용매 확산 방법 (emulsification diffusion method)을 이용하여 poly (DL-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) 나노입자를 제조하고 지용성 vitamin A (Retinol)와 Vitamin E acetate를 담지하였다. 고분자 용액은 물에 잘 혼합되는 유기 용매인 에탄올과 아세톤의 이종 혼합 용매를 사용하여 제조하였고 유화제는 생체적합성이 우수한 polyethyleneglycol-polypropyleneglycol diblock copolymer를 사용하였다. 고분자의 농도, 유화제의 농도, 물/오일상의 비, 고분자/약물의 비 등의 인자들이 나노입자의 형성과 약물의 담지 효율에 미치는 영향을 조사하였다. 활성 성분이 로딩된 나노입자를 제조한 후, 입자의 크기와 분포도는 광산란 입도 분석기를 이용하여 측정하였고 담지 효율은 UV-visible spectroscopy를 이용하여 평가하였다. 제조된 나노입자는 50-200 nm의 크기와 단분산 형태의 크기분포를 보였으며 담지 효율은 50-60%까지 얻을 수 있었다. 또한, 유기상과 수용액상에서 이종 혼합 용매와 고분자의 농도에 대한 적당한 조건을 조절함으로써 PLGA 나노입자의 높은 수율과 우수한 물리적 특성을 얻을 수 있었다.

In this study, poly(DL-lactide-co-glycolide) nanoparticles loaded with water-insoluble vitamins such as vitamin A (Retinol) and vitamin E acetate were prepared by the emulsification diffusion method. Polymer solution was prepared by the two water-miscible organic solvent, such as ethanol and acetone. Because of its biocompatible property, polyethyleneglycol-polypropyleneglycol diblock copolymer was used as surfactant and stabilizer. The influence of some preparative variables on the nanoparticle formation and on the loading efficiency of active agents, such as the type and concentration of stabilizing agent, the stirring methods, the water/oil phase ratio and the polymer concentration were investigated in order to control and optimize the process. After preparation of nanoparticles loaded with active agent, particle size and distribution were evaluated by the light scattering particle analyzer. The loading efficiency of active agents was evaluated by the UV-visible spectroscopy. As the results, particle size were 50-200 nm and dispersibility was monodisperse. The optimum loading efficiency of active agents was observed 50-60%. It was found that the appropriate of selections of binary solvent mixtures and polymeric concentrations in both organic and aqueous phases could provide good yield and favorable physical properties of PLGA nanoparticles.

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