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Journal of the Korean Chemical Society (JKCS)

ISSN 1017-2548(Print)
ISSN 2234-8530(Online)
Volume 47, Number 5
JKCSEZ 47(5)
October 20, 2003 

Cure Kinetics and Mechanical Interfacial Characteristics of Zeolite/DGEBA Composites

제올라이트/DGEBA 복합재료의 경화 동력학과 기계적 계면특성
Soo-Jin Park, Young-Mi Kim, Jae-Sup Shin

박수진, 김영미, 신재섭
제올라이트, Diglycidylether of Bisphenol A(DGEBA), 경화 동력학, 기계적 계면특성, 표면처리 , Zeolite, Diglycidylether of Bisphenol A(DGEBA), Cure Kinetics, Mechanical Interfacial Properties, Surface Treatments
본 연구에서는 표면처리된 제올라이트에 따른 제올라이트/DGEBA의 경화 동력학과 기계적 계면특성을 고찰하였다. 경화제는 4, 4'-diamino diphenyl methane(DDM)을 사용하였으며, 제올라이트는(PZ) 15와 35 wt% KOH (15-BZ 그리고 35-BZ)로 표면처리하여 XPS와 XRD로 분석하였다. 경화 동력학은 DSC로 분석하였으며, 시편의 기계적 계면특성은 임계응력 세기인자(critical stress intensity factor, KIC)와 임계변형에너지 방출속도(critical strain energy release rate, GIC)를 통하여 알아보았다. XPS와 XRD의 결과로부터, KOH로 표면처리된 제올라이트는 나트륨 (Na)이 칼륨(K)으로 이온교환되었으며, 표면처리로 인한 Al-O의 결합세기의 약화로 Si2p/Al2p의 값이 증가하였다. 동적 DSC와 기계적 계면특성 결과로부터, 제올라이트/DGEBA 중에서 15-BZ의 경화 활성화에너지(Ea)는 감소하였으며, KIC와 GIC는 증가하였다. 이러한 결과들은 제올라이트의 표면처리에 의해 산성도가 증가하였으며, 이렇게 증가된 산성도가 제올라이트와 에폭시 사이의 경화반응에 영향을 준 것으로 관찰된다.

In this work, the zeolite/diglycidylether of bisphenol A(DGEBA) systems were investigated in terms of the cure kinetics and mechanical interfacial properties of the composites. The 4, 4-diamino diphenyl methane(DDM) was used as a curing agent for epoxy. Two types of zeolite(PZ) were prepared with 15 and 35 wt% KOH treatments(15-BZ and 35-BZ, respectively) for 24 h, and their surface characteristics were studied by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and X-ray diffraction(XRD). Cure kinetics of the composites were examined in the context of differential scanning calorimetry(DSC), and mechanical interfacial properties were investigated in critical stress intensity factor(KIC) and critical strain energy release rate(GIC). In the results of XPS and XRD, sodium ion(Na) of zeolite was exchanged for potassium ion(K), resulting from the treatment of KOH. Also, Si2p/Al2p composition ratios of the treated zeolite were increased, which could be attributed to the weakening of Al-O bond in framework. Cure activation energy(Ea) of 15-BZ composites was decreased, whereas KIC and GIC were increased, compared with those of the pure zeolite/DGEBA composites. It was probably accounted that the acidity of zeolite was increased by surface treatments and the cure reaction between zeolite and epoxy was influenced on the increased acidity of zeolite.

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