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Journal of the Korean Chemical Society (JKCS)

ISSN 1017-2548(Print)
ISSN 2234-8530(Online)
Volume 44, Number 5
JKCSEZ 44(5)
October 20, 2000 

 
Title
Spectrophotometric Determination of AIuminium Ion in Drinking Water by Flow Injection Analysis

흐름주입분석법에 의한 음용수 중 알루미늄 이온의 분광광도법 정량
Author
Yong-Wook Choi, Jae Young Jin

최용욱, 진재영
Keywords
Abstract
흐름 주입 누석법에 의한 알루미늄 이온의 최적 부석 조건을 확립하였다. Eriochrome Cyanine R(ECR) 염료는 pH 6.0에서 알루미늄과 반응하여 535nm에서 최대 흡광도를 갖는 착화합물을 형성한다. 이 반응을 흐름 주입 분석법으로 도입하기 위해 혼합 및 반응 코일이 길이, 아세트산 완충용액의 놀도 및 pH, 온도, 시료 주입 부피를 포함한 반응 조건을 최적화 하였다. 그 결과 혼합 및 반응코일의 길이는 각각 0.5 m와 4 m,아세트산 완충용액의 pH와 농도는 각각 0.6 및 1M,ECR의 농도는 0.56 mM, 반응온도는 40 ℃,시료 주입량은 300 μL,최대흡수 파장은 535nm 이었다. 이런한 조건하에서 알루미늄 이론의 검출한계는 0.05mg/L 이하이었고, 반복성은 1%이하로 우수하였다. 시료 측정 주기는 시간당 24회 주입이 가능하였다. 또한 F-,HPO42-, Fe2+,Fe3+, Mn2+ 이온 및 그타 음이온류의 공존시 방해 현상을 알아본 결과 1,000 mg/L까지는 방해를 일으키지 않았고 SO42- 이온은 2,000 mg/L까지도 거의 방해를 일으키지 않았다. 또한 이 방법을 이용하여 전주 및 고창 지역의 상수 및 지하수 중 알루미늄의 농도를 분석한 결과 전주 지역 상수 중에는 평균 0.478 mg/L, 고차지역 상수 중에는 0.278 mg/L로서 전주 지역이 높게 나타났고, 지하수는 전주지역이 0.386 mg/L로서 전주지역이 더 낮게 나타났다.

Optimum analytical conditions of the aluminium ion were established by flow injection analysis. Eriochrome Cyanine R(ECR) dye reacts with the aluminium ion at pH 6.0 to form a complex that exhibits maximum absorption at 535 nm. Reaction conditions including the mixing and the reaction coil length, the concentration and the pH of the buffer solutio, temperature, and injection loop volume were optimized to intro-duce this reaction into flow injection analysis. The results were as follows. A mixing coil length of 0.5 m and a reaction coil length of 4.0 m, the pH 6.0 and 1M of acetate buffer solution, the ECR concentration of 0.56 mM, the reaction temperature of 40℃, the injection loop volume of 300uL were chosen as optimum conditions. Under these conditions the detection limit of the aluminiumion was less than 0.05 mg/L and the repeatability was better than 1%. A sampling frequency of 24 times for an hour was achieved. Interfering ions such as F-, HPO₄²-, Fe²+, Fe³+, Mn²+, and other anions were tested, interference did not occur up to I,000mg/L of ion concentration and up to 2,CO0mg/L of sulfate ion con-centration. This method was applied for the determination of aluminium ion in tap water and ground water of Jeonju and the Gochang area. The results showed that the aluminium residual in tap water of the Jeonju area was at a mean of 0.478mg/L and that in tap water of the Gochang area was at a mean of 0.278mg/L. Aluminium ion residual of the tap waters in the Jeonju area was higher level than that in the Gochang area. Aluminium residual in the ground water of the Jeonju area was 0.386 mg/L and was lower compared to 0.564 mg/L for the Gochang area.

Page
422 - 428
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