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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 20, Number 10
BKCSDE 20(10)
October 20, 1999 

Density Functional Theory Studies on the Electrophilic versus Electron Transfer Mechanisms of Aryl Vinyl Ethers
Wang Ki Kim, Chang Kook Sohn, Sun Hee Lim, Soon Ki Rhee, Chang Kon Kim, Ikchoon Lee
The ab initio SCF MO and density functional theory (DFT) studies are carried out on the electrophilic (1a) and electron transfer (1b) addition reactions to the vinyl double bond of aryl vinyl sulfides and ethers. In the electrophilic addition processes, a double bond shift from C3 = C4 to X = C3 occurs with occupation number (1.97) close to the normal two. Due to this shift direct conjugation between the cationic center, X = S or O, and the para electron-donor substituent becomes impossible so that the reaction energies (or log K) are correlated with σ rather than σ+. By contrast, radical cation formation leads to delocalization of the SOMO, a lone-pair πorbital on X, with four major resonance structures in which cationic charge as well as spin density is delocalized over C4 , X and C7 atoms. As a result, partial πbonds are formed over C1 -X and C3 - C4 with occupation numbers (0.82) lower than one. In two of the cannonical structures, III(Ⅹ) and III(X+), direct conjugation between the cationic center, X, and the para substituent is achieved so that a better correlation with σ+ rather than σis obtained. The SCF MO energies at the HF/3-21G* and HF/6-31G* levels lead to very much inferior Hammett correlations in the σ/ σ+ diagnostic criterion. In contrast, the ρvalues evaluated with the DFT energies can give reliable diagnostic distinction between the two addition mechanisms.
1177 - 1180
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