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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 20, Number 5
BKCSDE 20(5)
May 20, 1999 

The Studies on Substituent and Kinetic Solvent Isotope Effect in Solvolyses of Phenyl Chloroformates
In Sun Koo, Ji Sun Lee, Kiyull Yang, Keumduck Kang, Ikchoon Lee
The rate constants and kinetic solvent isotope effects (KSIE, KMeOH/kMeOD) for solvolyses of para-substituted phenylchloroformates in CH3OH, CH3OD, H2O, D2O, 50% D2O-CH3OD were determined at 15.0 and 25.0℃ using conductometric method. Kinetic solvent isotope effects for the solvolyses of para-substituted phenyl chloroformates were 2.39-2.51, 2.21-2.28, and 1.67-1.69 for methanol, 50% aqueous methanol, and water, respectively. The slopes of Hammett plot for solvolysis of para-substituted phenyl chloroformates in methanol, 50% aqueous methanol, and water were 1.49, 1.17 and 0.89, respectively. The Hammett type plot of KSIE, log (KSIE) versus p, can be a useful mechanistic tool for solvolytic reactions. The slopes of such straight lines for para-substituted phenyl chloroformates are almost zero in methanol, 50% aqueous methanol, and water. It was shown that the reaction proceeds via an associative SN2 and/or general base catalysis addition-elimination (SAN) mechanism based on activation parameters, Hammett p values, and slopes of Hammett type plot of KS-IE.
573 - 576
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