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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 20, Number 5
BKCSDE 20(5)
May 20, 1999 

Synthesis and Cationic Polymerization of Vinyl Ethers Containing Oxynitrobenzylidenemalononitrile and Oxynitrobenzylidenecyanoacetate as the NLO-phores in the Side Chain
Ju-Yeon Lee, Moo-Yong Kim, Mi-Ra Ahn
5-Nitro-2-(2'-vinyloxyethoxy)benzylidenemalononitrile (2a), methyl 5-nitro-2-(2'-vinyloxyethoxy)benzylidenecyanoacetate (2b), 3-nitro-4-(2'-vinyloxyethoxy)benzylidenemalononitrile (4a), methyl 3-nitro-4-(2'-vinyloxyethoxy)benzylidenecyanoacetate (4b), 2-nitro-5-(2'-vinyloxyethoxy)benzylidenemalononitrile (6a), and methyl 2-nitro-5-(2'-vinyloxyetboxy)benzylidenecyanoacetate (6b) were prepared by the condensation of 5-nitro-2-(2'-vinyloxyethoxy)benzaldehyde (1), 3-nitro-4-(2'-vinyloxyethoxy)benzaldehyde (3), and 2-nitro-5-(2'-vinyloxyethoxy)benzaldehyde (5) with malononitrile or methyl cyanoacetate, respectively. Vinyl ether monomers 2a-b, 4a-b, and 6a-b were polymerized with boron trifluoride etherate as a cationic initiator to yield poly(vinyl ethers) 7-9 having oxynitrobenzylidenemalononitrile and oxynitrobenzylidenecyanoacetate, which is effective chromophore for second-order nonlinear optical applications. Polymers 7-9 were soluble in common organic solvents such as acetone and DMSO. Tg values of the resulting polymers were in the range of 67-83 ℃. Electrooptic coefficient (r33) of the poled polymer films were in the range of 15-27 pm/V at 633 nm. Polymers 7-9 showed a thermal stability up to 300 ℃ in TGA thermograms, which is acceptable for NLO device applications.
567 - 572
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