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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 20, Number 4
BKCSDE 20(4)
April 20, 1999 

Mechanistic Aspects in the Grignard Coupling Reactin of Bis(chloromethyl)dimethylsilane with Trimethylchlorosilane
Yeon Seok Cho, Bok Ryul Yoo, Samyoung Ahn, Il Nam Jung
The Grignard reactions of bis(chloromethyl)dimethylsilane (1) with trimethylchlorosilane (2) in THF give both the intermolecular C-Si coupling and intramolecular C-C coupling products. At beginning stage, 1 reacts with Mg to give the mono-Grignard reagent ClCH2Me2SiCH2MgCl (1) which undergoes the C-Si coupling reaction to give MC2Si(CH2SiMe3)2 3, or C-C coupling to a mixture of formula Me3SiCH2(SiMe2CH2CH2)nR1 (n = 1, 2, 3, ..; 4a, R1I = H: 4b, R1 = SiMe3). In the reaction, two reaction pathways are involved: a) Ⅰ reacts with 2 to give Me3SiCH2SiMe2CH2Cl 6 which further reacts with Mg to afford a Me2SiCH2Mel-SiCH2MgCl (Ⅱ) or b) I cyclizes intramolecularly to a silacyclopropane intermediate A, which undergoes a ring-opening polymerization by the nucleophilic attack of the intermediates I or Ⅱ, followed by the termination reaction with H2O and 2, to give 4a and 4b, respectively. As the mole ratio of 2/1 increased from 2 to 16 folds, the formation of product 3 increased from 16% to 47% while the formation of polymeric products 4 was reduced from 60% to 40%. The intermolecular C-Si coupling reaction of the pathway a becomes more favorable than the intramolecular C-C coupling reaction of the pathways b at the higher mole ratio of 2/1.
422 - 426
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