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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 20, Number 3
BKCSDE 20(3)
March 20, 1999 

Luminescence of CaS:Bi
Chang-Hong Kim, Chong-Hong Pyun, Han Choi, Sung-Jin Kim
Luminescence of bismuth activated CaS, CaS:Bi, prepared in sodium polysulfide is studied. Excitation spectrum of CaS:Bi shows a band at 350 nm due to the recombination process between holes in Na+Ca2+ and electrons in conduction bands, in addition to bands at 260 nm from band gap of CaS, and at 320 nm (1S0→1P1) and at 420 nm (1S0→3P1) from electronic energy transitions of Bi. Emission band at 450 nm is from 3P1→1S0 transition of Bi3+, bands at 500 nm and 580 nm correspond to recombinations of electron donors (Bi3+Ca2+ and VS2-) with acceptors (VCa2+ and Na+Ca2+). Emission band of 3P1→1S0 transition is shifted to longer wavelength from CaS:Bi to BaS:Bi, due to the increase of the Stokes shift by the decrease of the crystal field parameter from CaS:Bi to BaS:Bi.
337 - 340
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