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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 19, Number 10
BKCSDE 19(10)
October 20, 1998 

Studies on Solvent Extraction and Flotation Technique Using Metal-Dithizone Complexes(Ⅱ). determination of Trace Elements in Water Samples by Solvent Sublation
Young-Sang Kim, Yoon-seok Choi, Hee-Seon Choi
The preconcentration and determination of trace elements in water samples were studied by a solvent sublation utilizing dithizonate complexation. After metal dithizonates were formed, trace amounts of cadmium, cobalt, copper and lead were floated and extracted into small volume of a water-immiscible organic solvent on the surface of sample solution and determined in the solvent directly by GF-AAS. Several experimental conditions as formation condition of metal-dithizonate complexes, pH of solution, amount of dithizone, stirring time, the type and amount of surfactants, N2 bubbling rate and so on were optimized for the complete formation and effective flotation of the complexes. And also four kinds of light solvents were compared each other to extract the floated complexes, effectively. After the pH was adjusted to 4.0 with 5 M HNO3, 8.0 mL of 0.05% acetone solution of dithizone was added to 1.00 L water sample. The dithizonate complexes were flotated and extracted into the upper methyl isobutylketone (MIBK) layer by the addition of 2.0 mL 0.2% ethanolic sodium lauryl sulfate solution and with the aid of small nitrogen gas bubbles. And this solvent sublation method was applied to the analysis of real water samples and good results of more than 85% recoveries were obtained in spiked samples.
1036 - 1042
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