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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 19, Number 4
BKCSDE 19(4)
April 20, 1998 

The CO2 Hydrogenation toward the Mixture of Methanol and Dimethyl Ether: Investigation of Hybrid Catalysts
Ki-Won Jun, K.S. Rama Rao, Mi-Hee Jung, Kyu-Wan Lee
Catalytic hydrogenation of carbon dioxide for the simultaneous synthesis of methanol and dimethyl ether (together called oxygenates) over a combination of methanol synthesis and methanol dehydration catalysts has been studied. Various methanol synthesis and methanol dehydration catalysts were examined for this reaction. The addition of promotors like Ga2O3 and Cr2O3 to Cu/ZnO catalyst gave much more enhanced yield on the formation of oxygenates. From the results, the promotional effect of Cr2O3 has been explained in terms of increase in the intrinsic activity of Cu while that of Ga2O3 being increase in the dispersion of Cu. Among the methanol dehydration catalysts examined, the solid acids bearing high population of intermediate-strength acid sites were found to be very effective for the production of oxygenates. HY zeolite which contains strong acid sites produce small amount of hydrocarbons as by-products. However, CuNaY zeolite in which the presence of strong acid sites are minimum gives very high oxygenates yield without the formation of hydrocarbons.
466 - 470
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