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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 19, Number 2
BKCSDE 19(2)
February 20, 1998 

Migration of Antidegradants to the Surface in NR Vulcanizates: Influence of Content of Carbon Black
Sung-Seen Choi
Migration properties of antidegradants to the surface in NR vulcanizates containing carbon black of 30, 50, and 70 phr were studied using the migration-generating equipment with a vacuum technique. The migration was carried out at 60, 80, and 100 ℃ for 20 h. BHT, IPPD, HPPD, and wax were used as migrants. IPPD migrates faster than the other migrants. Amounts of BHT, IPPD, and HPPD that migrated at 60 and 80 ℃ decrease as the content of carbon black in the vulcanizate increases. Migrations of antidegradants in the NR vulcanizate containing carbon black of 50 phr are faster than those containing carbon black of 30 and 70 phr at 100 ℃. Although n-C23H48 is heavier than HPPD, it migrates faster than HPPD and even faster than BHT at 100 ℃. Influencing factors of carbon black on the migrations are its porous structure and polar functional groups on the surface.
170 - 174
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