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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 18, Number 4
BKCSDE 18(4)
April 20, 1997 

Kinetic Study on Dephosphorylation of Myelin Basic Protein by Some Protein Phosphatases
In-Seong Hwang, Jin-Hahn Kim, Myung-Un Choi
The dephosphorylation specificity of protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A), calcineurin (PP2B) and protein phosphatase 2C (PP2C) were studied in vitro using myelin basic protein (MBP) as a model substrate which was fully phosphorylated at multiple sites by protein kinase C (PKC) or cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA). In order to determine the site specificity of phosphates in myelin basic protein, the protein was digested with trypsin and the radioactive phosphopeptide fragments were isolated by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) on reversed-phase column. Subsequent analysis and/or sequential manual Edman degradation of the purified phosphopeptides revealed that Thr-65 and Ser-115 were most extensively phophorylated by PKA and Ser-55 by PKC. For the dephosphorylation kinetics, the phosphorylated MBP was treated with calcineurin or PP2C with various time intervals and the reaction was terminated by direct tryptic digest. Both Thr-65 and Ser-115 residues were dephosphorylated more rapidly than any other ones by phosphatases. However it can be differentiated further by first-order kinetics that the PP2B dephosphorylated both Thr-65 and Ser-115 with almost same manner, whereas PP2C dephosphorylated somewhat preferentially the Ser-115.
428 - 432
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