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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 17, Number 9
BKCSDE 17(9)
September 20, 1996 

Ab initio Studies on the Hetero Dieis-Alder Cycloaddition
Bon-Su Lee*, Chan Kyung Kim, Jung Wook Choi, Ikchoon Lee
Hetero Dieis-Alder reactions containing phosphorus atom at various positions of diene and dienophile as well as standard Dieis-Alder reaction between ethylene and cis-l,3-butadiene have been studied using ab initio method. Activation energy showed a good linear relationship with the FMO energy gap between diene and dienophile, which can be normally used to explain Dieis-Alder reactivity. Since π-bond cleavage and σ-bonds formation occur concertedly at the TS, geometrical distortion of diene and dienophile from the reactant to the transition state is the source of barrier. Based on the linear correlations between activation barrier and deformation energy, and between deformation energy and π-bond order change, it was concluded that the activation barrier arises mainly from the breakage of π -bonds in diene and dienophile. Stabilization due to favorable orbital interaction is relatively small. The geometrical distortions raise MO levels of the TS, which is the origin of the activation energy. The lower barrier for the reactions of phosphorus containing dienophile (reactions C, D, and E) can be explained by the electronegativity effect of the phosphorus atom.
849 - 853
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