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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 17, Number 8
BKCSDE 17(8)
August 20, 1996 

Intercalation of Primary Diamines in the Layered Perovskite Oxides, HSr2Nb3O10
Young-Sik Hong, Si-Joong Kim
The layered perovskite oxide, KSr2Nb3O10, was synthesized. The interlayer potassium cations were readily exchanged by protons in hydrochloric acid solution to give the protonation compound, HSr2Nb3O10·0.5H2O. The intercalation compounds, [NH3(CH2)nNH3]xSr2Nb3O10, were also obtained by acid-base reactions between the protonation compound and organic bases, 1,n-alkyldiamines. The interlayer distances in the intercalation compounds were linearly increased with the increase of the number of carbon (Δc/Δn=1.05 Å) in 1,n-alkyldiamines. The intercalated alkyldiammonium ions formed a paraffin-like monolayer with average tilting angle (θ) of ca. 56°. The intercalation reactions occurred stoichiometrically. The thermal decomposition process of the intercalation compounds showed distinct three steps due to the desorption of hydrated water, the decomposition of organic moiety, and the decomposition of Sr-related compounds.
730 - 735
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