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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 17, Number 4
BKCSDE 17(4)
April 20, 1996 

Characteristics of K2NiF4-Type Oxides(Sr,Sm)2FeO~4
Chul Hyun Yo, Eun Seok Lee*
Sr1+xSm1-xFeO4-y solid solutions with a composition range 0.00 ≤x≤1.00 have been prepared at 1200 ℃ in air under normal atmospheric pressure. All the solutions exhibit the K2NiF4-type structure of tetragonal system. Mohr salt analysis shows that the mole ratio of Fe4+ ion to Fe3+ ion or the τ value increases with the x value. Nonstoichiometric chemical formulas have been formulated from the x, τ, and y values. Electrical conductivity was measured in the temperature range of 173-373 K under atmospheric air pressure. The conductivities of each sample are varied within the semiconductivity range. The conductivity at constant temperature increases steadily with x value and activation energies are varied from 0.14 to 0.32 eV. The conduction mechanism of the ferrite system may be proposed as a hopping model of conduction electrons between the mixed valence states. The Mossbauer spectrum for the composition of x=0.00 shows a six line pattern by which the existence of Fe3+(I.S.=0.32 mm/sec) can only be identified. The spectra for the compositions of x=0.50 and 1.00 presents broad single line patterns showing a mixed valence state.
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