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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 16, Number 11
BKCSDE 16(11)
November 20, 1995 

 
Title
Solvent Effects on Localized and Delocalized Cationic Charges in Solvolysis
Author
Ikchoon Lee, Han Joong Koh, Byung Doo Chang
Keywords
Abstract
A measure of stabilities (-ΔHo) and resonance delocalization (-Δq(Cα+)) for some carbocations has been estimated using the semiempirical AM1 method. The stability (-ΔHo) of carbocations can be correlated with the sensitivity (m) of localized cations to the solvent ionizing power scale Y, whereas the extent of resonance delocalization (-Δq(Cα+)) can be correlated with the sensitivity (h) of delocalized cations to the solvent ionizing power scale Ⅰ. It has been shown that two solvent ionizing power scales Y and I have in general opposite signs so that effects of electrostatic solvation are opposite for the localized and delocalized cationic charges. The use of two different solvent scales for a substrate with delocalizable cationic charge is not only prerequisite to the proper correlation of solvolysis rates but also is justified.
Page
1104 - 1108
Full Text
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