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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 16, Number 11
BKCSDE 16(11)
November 20, 1995 

 
Title
Reactivity of Superoxide Ion with Halogenonitriles and Dihalocarbons in Aprotic Media
Author
Seungwon Jeon*, Yong-Kook Choi
Keywords
Abstract
The reactivity of superoxide ion (O2-.) with halogenated substrates is investigated by cyclic voltammetry and rotated ring-disk electrode method in aprotic solvents. The more positive the reduction potential of the substituted nitrile, the more facile is nucleophilic displacement by O2-.. The reaction rates of halogenonitriles with O2-. vary according to the leaving-group propensity of halide (Br > Cl > F). The relative reaction rates of other substituted nitriles are in the order of electron-withdrawing propensity of the substituent group (CN > C(O)NH2 > Ph ≒ CH2CN). The reaction of O2-. with dihalocarbons indicates that five-membered rings can be rapidly formed by the cyclization of substrate and O2-., and the relative rates of cyclization depend on the number of methylenic carbons {Br(CH2)nBr, [n=1 < 2 < 3 > 4 > 5]}. Mechanisms are proposed for the reaction of O2-. with halogenated substrates.
Page
1060 - 1064
Full Text
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