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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 16, Number 9
BKCSDE 16(9)
September 20, 1995 

The Crystal Structure of a Sulfur Sorption Complex of the Dehydrated Partially Co2+-Exchanged Zeolite A
Young Hoon Yeom, Seong Hwan Song, Yang Kim*
The crystal structure of a sulfur sorption complex of the dehydrated partially Co2+ exchanged zeolite A (a=12.058(2) Å) has been determined by single-crystal X-ray techniques. The crystal structure was solved and refined in cubic space group Pm3m at 21(1) ℃. Ion Exchange with aqueous 0.05 M Co(NO3)2 was done by the static method. The crystal of Na4Co4-A was dehydrated at 380 ℃ and 2 × 10-6 Torr for 2 days, followed by exposure to about 100 Torr of sulfur at 330 ℃ for 72 h. Full matrix least-squares refinement converged to R1=0.084 and Rw=0.074 with 102 reflections for which I > 3σ(I). Crystallographic analysis shows that 2.8 Co2+ ions and 4 Na+ ions per unit cell occupy 6-ring sites on the threefold axes. 1.2 Co2+ ions occupy the 8-ring sites on fourfold axes. 2.8 Co2+ ions at Co(1) are recessed 0.66 Å into the large cavity and 4 Na+ ion at Na(1) are recessed 0.77 Å into the sodalite cavity from the (111) plane of O(3)'s. Approximately 16 sulfur atoms were sorbed per unit cell. Two S8 rings, each in a butterfly form, are found in the large cavity. The bond length between S and its adjacent S is 2.27(3) Å. The distance between 6-ring Co2+ ion and its adjacent sulfur is 2.53 (2) Å and that between 8-ring Co2+ ions and its adjacent sulfur is 2.72(9) Å. The angles of S-S'-S and S'-S-S'/ in octasulfur rings are 119.0(2)°and 113.0(2)°, respectively.
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