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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 15, Number 10
BKCSDE 15(10)
October 20, 1994 

Reaction of Diisobutylaluminum Hydride-Dimethyl Sulfide Complex with Selected Organic Compounds Containing Representative Functional Groups. Comparison of the Reducing Characteristics of Diisobutylaluminum Hydride and Its Dimethyl Sulfide Complex
Jin Soon Cha*, Min Kyu Jeong, Oh Oun Kwon, Keung Dong Lee, Hyung Soo Lee
The approximate rate and stoichiometry of the reaction of excess diisobutylaluminum hydride-dimethyl sulfide complex(DIBAH-SMe2) with organic compounds containing representative functional group under standardized conditions (toluene, 0 ℃) were examined in order to define the reducing characterstics of the reagent and to compare the reducing power with DIBAH itself. In general, the reducing action of the complex is similar to that of DIBAH. However, the reducing power of the complex is weaker than that of DIBAH. All of the active hydrogen compounds including alcohols, amines, and thiols evolve hydrogen slowly. Aldehydes and ketones are reduced readily and quantitatively to give the corresponding alcohols. However, DIBAH-SMe2 reduces carboxylic acids at a faster rate than DIBAH alone to the corresponding alcohols with a partial evolution of hydrogen. Similarly, acid chlorides, esters, and epoxides are readily reduced to the corresponding alcohols, but the reduction rate is much slower than that of DIBAH alone. Both primary aliphatic and aromatic amides examined evolve 1 equiv of hydrogen rapidly and are reduced slowly to the amines. Tertiary amides readily utilize 2 equiv of hydride for reduction. Nitriles consume 1 equiv of hydride rapidly but further hydride uptake is quite slow. Nitro compounds, azobenzene, and azoxybenzene are reduced moderately. Cyclohexanone oxime liberates ca. 0.8 equiv of hydrogen rapidly and is reduced to the N-hydroxylamine stage. Phenyl isocyanate is rapidly reduced to the imine stage, but further hydride uptake is quite sluggish. Pyridine reacts at a moderate rate with an uptake of one hydride in 48 h, while pyridine N-oxide reacts rapidly with consumption of 2 equiv of hydride for reduction in 6h. Similarly, disulfides and sulfoxide are readily reduced, whereas sulfide, sulfone, and sulfonic acid are inert to this reagent under these reaction conditions.
873 - 881
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