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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 14, Number 4
BKCSDE 14(4)
April 20, 1993 

Reaction of Lithium Tris(diethylamino)aluminum Hydride in Tetrahydrofuran with Selected Organic Compounds Containing Representative Functional Groups
Jin Soon Cha*, Jae Cheol Lee
The approximate rates and stoichiometry of the reaction of excess lithium tris(diethylamino)aluminum hydride (LTDEA) with selected organic compounds containing representative functional groups under standardized condition (tetrahydrofuran, O℃) were examined in order to define the characteristics of the reagent for selective reductions. The reducing ability of LTDEA was also compared with those of the parent lithium aluminum hydride (LAH) and lithium tris(dibutylamino)aluminum hydride (LTDBA). In general, the reactivity toward organic functionalities is in order of LAH≫LTDEA≥LTDBA. LTDEA shows a unique reducing characteristics. Thus, benzyl alcohol and phenol evolve hydrogen slowly. The rate of hydrogen evolution of primary, secondary, and tertiary alcohols is distinctive: 1-hexanol evolves hydrogen completely in 6 h, whereas 3-hexanol evolves hydrogen very slowly. However, 3-ethyl-3-pentanol does not evolve any hydrogen under these reaction conditions. Primary amine, such as n-hexylamine, evolves only 1 equivalent of hydrogen. On the other hand, thiols examined are absolutely inert to this reagent. LTDEA reduces aldehydes, ketones, esters, acid chlorides, and epoxides readily to the corresponding alcohols. Quinones, such as p-benzoquinone and anthraquinone, are reduced to the corresponding diols without hydrogen evolution. However, carboxylic acids, anhydrides, nitriles, and primary amides are reduced slowly, where as tertiary amides are readily reduced. Finally, sulfides and sulfoxides are reduced to thiols and sulfides, respectively, without evolution of hydrogen. In addition to that, the reagent appears to be an excellent partial reducing agent to convert esters, primary carboxamides, and aromatic nitriles into the corresponding aldehydes. Free carboxylic acids are also converted into aldehydes through treatment of acyloxy-9-BBN with this reagent in excellent yields.
469 - 475
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