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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 13, Number 1
BKCSDE 13(1)
January 20, 1992 

Chromatographic Selectivity of Cyano-Bonded Silica Columns in RPLC Based on the Linear Solvation Energy Relationships
Jung Hag Park*, Myung Duk Jang, Se Mok Kwon
Differences in chromatographic properties in RPLC of four brands of cyano bonded silica stationary phases are rationalized in terms of the type and relative strength of the solute-stationary phase interactions, which can be readily inferred from multiple linear regression analyses of retention data for a set of standard compounds on the stationary phases under study based on the linear solvation energy relationships (LSERs). Although four brands of cyano bonded columns studied (CPS-Hypersil, Ultrasphere cyano, Spherisorb-CN and μ-Bondapak-CN) have similar bonding density and have been prepared from monofunctional cyanopropylsilane reagents, they possess quite different, relative hydrogen bonding (HB) donor and acceptor strengths. Comparison of the retention behavior on a cyano-bonded silica column with that on an ODS column shows that there are significant differences in the strength of HB interactions between the solute and the stationary phase on the two columns with different functionalities. Information on the differences in the interaction characteristics among brands of the cyano-bonded silica columns and between the ODS and cyano-bonded columns can be utilized to optimize the selectivity for a given separation on these columns.
75 - 79
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