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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 12, Number 2
BKCSDE 12(2)
February 20, 1991 

Conformation of L-Ascorbic Acid in Solution 2. L-Ascorbic Acid Anion
Mi Suk Kim, Sung Hee Lee, Uoo Tae Chung, Young Kee Kang*
In the unhydrated and hydrated states, conformational free energies of L-ascorbic acid anion (AAA) were computed with an empirical potential function and the hydration shell model (a program CONBIO). The conformational energy was minimized from possible starting conformations expressed with five torsion angles of the molecule. The conformational entropy of each low energy conformation in both states was computed using a harmonic approximation. As found in L-ascorbic acid (AA), intramolecular hydrogen bonds (HBs) are proved to be of significant importance in stabilizing the overall conformations of AAA in both states, and give the folded conformations, which are quite different from those in crystal. There are competitions between HBs and hydration around O3 atom of the lactone ring and hydroxyls of the acyclic side chain. Especially, the whole conformation of AAA is strongly dependent on the water-accessibility of O3 atom. Though there is a significant effect of the hydration on conformational surface, the lowest energy conformation of the unhydrated AAA is conserved. The different patterns of HBs and hydration result in the conformations of AAA in both states being different from those of AA. It can be drawn by several feasible conformations obtained in the hydrated state that there exists an ensemble of several conformations in aqueous solution.
143 - 148
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