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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 11, Number 6
BKCSDE 11(6)
June 20, 1990 

Host-Guest Interactions Between Macrocycles and Methhylsubstituted Anilinium Ions
Shim Sung Lee*, Jong Hwa Jung, Duk Jin Chang, Bu Yong Lee, Si Joong Kim
The binding characteristics and analytical applications of anilinium ion complexes with 18-crown-6 were studied by polarography and NMR. First, the electrochemical reduction of the 10 species of mono and dimethylsubstituted anilinium ion complexes with 18-crown-6 as host in methanol are examined. The addition of 18-crown-6 to anilinium guest solution the polarographic waves remain well defined but shifted toward more negative potentials, indicating the complex formation. The values of formation constants, log Κ for 10 species of methylsubstituted anilinium ion complexes with 18-crown-6 varies from 2.7 to 4.8 in methanol at 25℃. The stability order of complexes for 18-crown-6 is anilinilum > 4-methyl > 3,4-dimethyl > 3-methyl > 3,5-dimethyl > 2,4-dimethyl > 2,5-dimethyl > 2,3-dimethyl > 2-methyl > 2,6-dimethylanilinium ion. The steric hindrance shows significant effect. Second, Proton NMR was used to elucidate their interaction characteristics. From the results of so called NMR titration techniques, the behaviors of binding sites on complexation, and the stoichiometry and stability order of complex were obtained. And the later results show the satisfactory agreement with the quantitative values obtained by polarography. Finally, the individual determinations of anilinium ion mixtures were also accomplished by addition of 18-crown-6. In some mixtures of methyl or dimethylanilinium ions the reduction peaks of differential pulse method appeared into one unresolved wave attributed to the small difference of half-wave potential, ΔE1/2. In the presence of 18-crown-6, the polarographic waves were resolved into individual maxima because of the shift toward more negative direction by the difference of selectivity of anilinium ions with 18-crown-6. It may be concluded that quantitative analysis of methylanilinium ion mixture make possible because the half-wave potential shift by the selectivity difference due to the steric hindrance between methyl group and 18-crown-6 on complexation.
521 - 527
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