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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 35, Number 12
BKCSDE 35(12)
December 20, 2014 

Synthesis of Magnetic Sonophotocatalyst and its Enhanced Biodegradability of Organophosphate Pesticide
Meng Lirong, Shi Jianjun*, Zhao Ming, He Jie
Sonophotocatalysis, Magnetic nanocomposite, Titanium dioxide, Biodegradability, Organophosphate pesticide
A magnetic sonophotocatalyst Fe3O4@SiO2@TiO2 is synthesized for the enhanced biodegradability of organophosphate pesticide. The as-prepared catalysts were characterized using different techniques, such as Xray diffraction (XRD) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The radial sonophotocatalytic activity of Fe3O4@SiO2@TiO2 nanocomposite was investigated, in which commercial dichlorvos (DDVP) was chosen as an object. The degradation efficiency was evaluated in terms of chemical oxygen demand (COD) and enhancement of biodegradability. The effect of different factors, such as reaction time, pH, the added amount of catalyst on CODCr removal efficiency were investigated. The average CODCr removal efficiency reached 63.13% after 240 min in 12 L sonophotocatalytic reactor (catalyst 0.2 g L−1, pH 7.3). The synergistic effect occurs in the combined sonolysis and photocatalysis which is proved by the significant improvement in CODCr removal efficiency compared with that of solo photocatalysis. Under this experimental condition, the BOD5/ CODCr ratio rose from 0.131 to 0.411, showing a remarkable improvement in biodegradability. These results showed that sonophotocatalysis may be applied as pre-treatment of pesticide wastewater, and then for biological treatment. The synthesized magnetic nanocomposite had good photocatalytic performance and stability, as when it was used for the fifth time, the CODCr removal efficiency was still about 62.38%.
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