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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 35, Number 10
BKCSDE 35(10)
October 20, 2014 

Anti-inflammatory Triterpenes from Euonymus alatus Leaves and Twigs on Lipopolysaccharide-activated RAW264.7 Macrophage Cells
Eun Ju Jeong, Ji-Yeong Bae, Jung-Rae Rho, Young Choong Kim, Mi-Jeong Ahn, Sang Hyun Sung*
Euonymus alatus, Triterpene, Inflammation, Nitric oxide, RAW264.7
As a part of ongoing phytochemical research on Euonymus alatus leaves and twigs, we have isolated one new reissantane-type triterpene (1), together with eight known triterpenes, isoarborinol (2), friedelin (3), abruslactone A (4), 3β,22α-dihydroxyolean-12-en-29-oic acid (5), 3α,22α-dihydroxyolean-12-en-29-oic acid (6), 3α,22β-dihydroxyolean-12-en-29-oic acid (7), 22α-hydroxy-3-oxoolean-12-en-29-oic acid (8), demethylregelin (9). The structure of 1 has been elucidated as 24,24-dimethyl-reissant-7(8),25-dien-3α-ol, by extensive 1D and 2D spectroscopic methods including 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR, 1H-1H COSY, HSQC, HMBC and NOESY. Anti-inflammatory activities of the isolated compounds were determined as potential regulating excessive inflammatory responses in RAW264.7 macrophage cells. Particularly, abruslactone A (4) and demethylregelin (9) showed the most potent activity, which effectively reduced the expression of iNOS protein and subsequent nitric oxide production induced by lipopolysaccharide in RAW264.7 cells.
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