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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 35, Number 7
BKCSDE 35(7)
July 20, 2014 

Docking and Quantitative Structure Activity Relationship studies of Acyl Guanidines as β-Secretase (BACE1) Inhibitor
Yu Jin Hwang, Chaeuk Im*
BACE1, Docking, CoMFA, CoMSIA
β-Secretase (beta-amyloid converting enzyme 1 [BACE1]) is involved in the first and rate-limiting step of β- amyloid (Aβ) peptides production, which leads to the pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease(AD). Therefore, inhibition of BACE1 activity has become an efficient approach for the treatment of AD. Ligand-based and docking-based 3D-quantitative structure-activity relationship (3D-QSAR) studies of acyl guanidine analogues were performed with comparative molecular field analysis (CoMFA) and comparative molecular similarity indices analysis (CoMSIA) to obtain insights for designing novel potent BACE1 inhibitors. We obtained highly reliable and predictive CoMSIA models with a cross-validated q2 value of 0.725 and a predictive coefficient r2 pred value of 0.956. CoMSIA contour maps showed the structural requirements for potent activity. 3D-QSAR analysis suggested that an acyl guanidine and an amide group in the R6 substituent would be important moieties for potent activity. Moreover, the introduction of small hydrophobic groups in the phenyl ring and hydrogen bond donor groups in 3,5-dichlorophenyl ring could increase biological activity.
2065 - 2071
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