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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 35, Number 4
BKCSDE 35(4)
April 20, 2014 

Kinetic Study on Aminolysis of 4-Chloro-2-Nitrophenyl X-Substituted-Benzoates in Acetonitrile and in 80 mol % H2O/20 mol % DMSO: Effect of Medium on Reactivity and Reaction Mechanism
Ha-Ram Kim, Tae-Il Um, Min-Young Kim, Ik-Hwan Um*
Aminolysis, Concerted mechanism, Hammett plot, Yukawa-Tsuno plot, Brønsted-type plot
A kinetic study on aminolysis of 4-chloro-2-nitrophenyl X-substituted-benzoates (6a-i) in MeCN is reported. The Hammett plot for the reactions of 6a-i with piperidine consists of two intersecting straight lines, while the Yukawa-Tsuno plot exhibits an excellent linear correlation with ρX = 1.03 and r = 0.78. The nonlinear Hammett plot is not due to a change in rate-determining step (RDS) but is caused by the resonance stabilization of substrates possessing an electron-donating group in the benzoyl moiety. The Brønsted-type plot for the reactions of 4-chloro-2-nitrophenyl benzoate (6e) with a series of cyclic secondary amines is linear with βnuc = 0.69, an upper limit for reactions reported to proceed through a concerted mechanism. The aminolysis of 6e in aqueous medium has previously been reported to proceed through a stepwise mechanism with a change in RDS on the basis of a curved Brønsted-type plot. It has been concluded that instability of the zwitterionic tetrahedral intermediate (T±) in MeCN forces the reaction to proceed through a concerted mechanism. This is further supported by the kinetic result that the amines used in this study are less reactive in MeCN than in H2O, although they are more basic in MeCN over 7 pKa units.
1128 - 1132
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