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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 35, Number 1
BKCSDE 35(1)
January 20, 2014 

Fabrication of In-needle Microextraction Device Using Nichrome Wire Coated with Poly(ethylene glycol) and Poly(dimethylsiloxane) for Determination of Volatile Compounds in Lavender Oils
Eun Ji Lee, Dong-Sun Lee*
In-needle microextraction, PEG-PDMS coating, Gas chromatography, Lavender and lavandin oils
A new needle-based device for headspace wire coated in-needle microextraction (HS-WC-INME) was fabricated using a nichrome wire coated with poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) and poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) mixture. The proposed needle device was applied for the determination of volatile compounds in lavender and lavandin essential oils by gas chromatography. Fundamental parameters such as needle design, conditions of extraction and desorption were optimized along with the validation of the extraction and desorption efficiency. The optimal conditions were 30 min extraction at 50 oC and 2 min desorption at 240oC. The calibration curves showed good linearity with the suitable values of the coefficients of determination (r2) greater than 0.99. The limits of detection for linalyl acetate, -caryophyllene, linalool and (+)-limonene were 7.15, 9.04, 10.79 and 22.26 ng, respectively. Analytical recoveries were acceptable in the test samples, varying from 86.7% to 108.0%. The values of relative standard deviations for run to run showed range less than 0.9% while 3.9% through 7.2% for needle to needle. The proposed PEG-PDMS coating could be more suitable than PDMS coating to extract particular polar groups such as alcohols.
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