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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 34, Number 12
BKCSDE 34(12)
December 20, 2013 

Hydrothermal Synthesis of LaCO3OH and Ln3+-doped LaCO3OH Powders under Ambient Pressure and Their Transformation to La2O2CO3 and La2O3
Min-Ho Lee, Woo-Sik Jung*
Hydrothermal reaction, LaCO3OH, La2O2CO3, Polymorph, Luminescence
Orthorhombic and hexagonal lanthanum(III) hydroxycarbonate (LaCO3OH) and Ln3+-doped LaCO3OH (LaCO3OH:Ln3+, where Ln = Ce, Eu, Tb, and Ho) powders were prepared by a hydrothermal reaction under ambient pressure and characterized by thermogravimetry, powder X-ray diffraction, infrared and luminescence spectroscopy, and field-emission scanning electron microscopy. The polymorph of LaCO3OH depended on the reaction temperature, inorganic salt additive, species of Ln3+ dopant, and solvent. The calcination of orthorhombic LaCO3OH:Ln3+ (2 mol %) powers at 600 oC yielded a mixture of hexagonal and monoclinic La2O2CO3:Ln3+ powders. The relative quantity of the latter increased with decreasing ionic radius of the Ln3+ dopant ion and increasing doping concentrations. On the other hand, the calcination of hexagonal LaCO3OH:Ln3+ (2 mol %) powders at 600 oC resulted in a pure hexagonal La2O2CO3:Ln3+ powder, regardless of the species of Ln3+ ions (Ln = Ce, Eu, and Tb). The luminescence spectra of LaCO3OH:Ln3+ and La2O2CO3:Ln3+ were measured to examine the effect of their polymorph on the spectra.
3609 - 3614
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