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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 34, Number 9
BKCSDE 34(9)
September 20, 2013 

Surface Modification of Colloidal Silica Nanoparticles: Controlling the size and Grafting Process
Wentao He, Danhua Wu, Juan Li, Kai Zhang, Yushu Xiang, Lijuan Long, Shuhao Qin*, Jie Yu*, Qin Zhang
Silica sol, Modification, Silane, Graft amount, Particle size
Surface modification of colloidal silica nanoparticles without disrupting the electric double layer of nanoparticles is a major challenge. In the work, silane was employed to modify colloidal silica nanoparticles without inducing bridge flocculation obviously. The effect of pH value of the silica sol, the amount of silane in feed, and reaction temperature on the graft amount and the final size of modified particles was investigated. The increased weight loss by TG and the appearance of T2 and T3 except for Q2 and Q3 signals by CP/MAS 29Si NMR of the modified samples verified the successful grafting of silane. The graft amount reached 0.57 mmol/ g, which was slightly lower than theory value, and the particle size remained nearly the same as unmodified particles for acidic silica sol at the optimum condition. For alkaline silica sol after modification, aggregates composed of several nanoparticles connected together with silane moleculars as the bridge appeared.
2747 - 2752
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