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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 34, Number 7
BKCSDE 34(7)
July 20, 2013 

Substituent Effects on Conformational Changes in (+)-CSA Doped Polyaniline Derivatives
Eung Lee, Eunok Kim*
Conducting polymers, Polyaniline derivatives, Chirality, Steric effect, Electropolymerization
This paper reports substituent effects on the conformational changes in polyaniline (PAni) derivatives. PAni, poly-o-toluidine (POT), and poly-o-anisidine (POA) were formed by potentiodynamic electropolymerization in aqueous solution containing (+)-camphorsulfonic acid (CSA) as a dopant. UV-Vis spectroscopy and cyclic voltammetry measurements revealed that the methyl group showed a greater steric hindrance than the methoxy group. Further, the doping level decreased with increasing steric hindrance. The sign pattern of the circular dichroism (CD) bands for POA was opposite to that for PAni. However, no CD bands were observed in POT. The steric hindrance caused helical inversion, but at a high level of steric hindrance, the helical conformation could not be adopted, because of the reduced doping level. The reduced crystallinity was greatly affected by the decreased doping level. The steric effect influenced the polymer conformation and the doping level, thus determining the optical activity, morphology, and crystallinity of the PAni derivatives.
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