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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 34, Number 7
BKCSDE 34(7)
July 20, 2013 

Pharmacophore Models of Paclitaxel- and Epothilone-Based Microtubule Stabilizing Agents
Sangbae Lee, Yuno Lee, James M. Briggs*, Keun Woo Lee*
Microtubule, Epothilone, Paclitaxel, Pharmacophore, Drug design
Microtubules play an important role in intracellular transport, mobility, and particularly mitosis. Paclitaxel (TaxolTM) and paclitaxel-like compounds have been shown to be anti-tumor agents useful for various human tumors. Paclitaxel-like compounds operate by stabilizing microtubules through interface binding at the interface between two β-tubulin monomers in adjacent protofilaments. In this paper we present the elucidation of the structural features of paclitaxel and paclitaxel-like compounds (e.g., epothilones) with microtubule stabilizing activities, and relate their activities to spatial and chemical features of the molecules. CATALYST program was used to generate three-dimensional quantitative structure activity relationships (3D-QSARs) resulting in 3D pharmacophore models of epothilone- and paclitaxel-derivatives. Pharmacophore models were generated from diverse conformers of these compounds resulting in a high correlation between experimental and predicted biological activities (r = 0.83 and 0.91 for epothilone and paclitaxel derivatives, respectively). On the basis of biological activities of the training sets, five- and four-feature pharmacophore hypotheses were generated in the epothilone and paclitaxel series. The validation of generated hypotheses was achieved by using twelve epothilones and ten paclitaxels, respectively, which are not in the training sets. The clustering (grouping) and merging techniques were used in order to supplement spatial restrictions of each of hypothesis and to develop more comprehensive models. This approach may be of use in developing novel inhibitor candidates as well as contributing a better understanding of structural characters of many compounds useful as anticancer agents targeting microtubules.
1972 - 1984
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