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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 34, Number 1
BKCSDE 34(1)
January 20, 2013 

Adipic Acid Assisted Sol-Gel Synthesis of Li1+x(Mn0.4Ni0.4Fe0.2)1-xO2 (0 < x < 0.3) as Cathode Materials for Lithium Ion Batteries
Kaliyappan Karthikeyan, Ssmuthirapandian Amaresh, Ju-Nam Son, Shin-Ho Kim, Min-Chul Kim, Kwang-Jin Kim, Sol-Nip Lee, Yun-Sung Lee*
Sol-gel method, Layered oxides, Cathode materials, Li2MnO3, Iron doping
Layered Li1+x(Mn0.4Ni0.4Fe0.2)1-xO2 (0 < x < 0.3) solid solutions were synthesized using solgel method with adipic acid as chelating agent. Structural and electrochemical properties of the prepared powders were examined by means of X-ray diffraction, Scanning electron microscopy and galvanostatic charge/discharge cycling. All powders had a phase-pure layered structure with R3m space group. The morphological studies confirmed that the size of the particles increased at higher x content. The charge-discharge profiles of the solid solution against lithium using 1 M LiPF6 in EC/DMC as electrolyte revealed that the discharge capacity increases with increasing lithium content at the 3a sites. Among the cells, Li1.2(Mn0.32Ni0.32Fe0.16)O2 (x = 0.2)/ Li+ exhibits a good electrochemical property with maximum initial capacity of 160 mAhg−1 between 2-4.5 V at 0.1 mAcm−2 current density and the capacity retention after 25 cycles was 92%. Whereas, the cell fabricated with x = 0.3 sample showed continuous capacity fading due to the formation of spinel like structure during the subsequent cycling. The preparation of solid solutions based on LiNiO2-LiFeO2-Li2MnO3 has improved the properties of its end members.
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