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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 33, Number 12
BKCSDE 33(12)
December 20, 2012 

Effect of Conductive Additives on the Structural and Electrochemical Properties of Li4Ti5O12Spinel
Jae-Hwan Park, Seongsu Lee*, Sung-Soo Kim*, Jong-Huy Kim
Lithium ion batteries, Lithium titanate, Carbon additive effect, Neutron diffraction
The effect of a conductive agent on the structural and electrochemical properties of Li4Ti5O12(LTO) spinel was investigated through neutron diffraction during Li intercalation and electrochemical measurements. The charging process of LTO is known as transformation of the white (Li3)8a[LiTi5]16dO12 into a dark-colored (Li3-X)8a[LiX+Y]16c[LiTi5]16dO12 by incorporating the inserted Li into octahedral 16c sites, and the Li in tetrahedral 8a sites shifted to 16c sites. The occupancy of the tetrahedral 8a site varied with the existence of carbon in the electrode. Without carbon, the lattice parameter and cell volume of LTO decreased more notably than in the carbon-containing LTO electrode during Li insertion process. These phenomena might be attributed that the Li occupancy of the tetrahedral 8a of the LTO electrode without carbon was less than that of the carboncontaining LTO electrode.
4059 - 4062
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