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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 33, Number 10
BKCSDE 33(10)
October 20, 2012 

Synthesis and Physicochemical Characterization of Biodegradable PLGA-based Magnetic Nanoparticles Containing Amoxicilin
Somayeh Alimohammadi, Roya Salehi, Niloofar Amini, Soodabeh Davaran*
Magnetic nanoparticles, PLGA, PLGA-PEG, Amoxicillin, Drug release
The purposes of this research were to synthesize amoxicillin-carrying magnetic nanoparticles. Magnetic nanoparticles were prepared by a chemical precipitation of ferric and ferrous chloride salts in the presence of a strong basic solution. PLGA and PLGA-PEG copolymers were prepared by ring opening polymerization of lactide (LA) and glycolide (GA) (mole ratio of LA: GA 3:1) with or without polyethylene glycol (PEG). Amoxicillin loaded magnetic PLGA and PLGA-PEG nanoparticles were prepared by an emulsion-evaporation process (o/w). Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) photomicrographs showed that the magnetic nanoparticles have the mean diameter within the range of 65-260 nm also they were almost spherical in shape. Magnetic nanoparticles prepared with PLGA showed more efficient entrapment (90%) as compared with PLGA-PEG (48-52%) nanoparticles. In-vitro release of amoxicillin from magnetic PLGA nanoparticles showed that 78% of drug was released over 24 hours. The amount of amoxicillin released from PLGA-PEG s was higher than PLGA.
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