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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 33, Number 8
BKCSDE 33(8)
August 20, 2012 

Enhancement of Photocurrent Generation by C60-encapsulated Single-walled Carbon Nanotubes in Ru-sensitized Photoelectrochemical Cell
Jungwoo Lee, Taehee Park, Jongtaek Lee, Mira Jang, Seungjin Lee, Heesu Kim, Sung-Hwan Han, Whikun Yi*
Photocurrent, C60@SWNTs, Encapsulation, Electric field, PECs
Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) and C60-encapsulated SWNTs (C60@SWNTs) are introduced to Rusensitized photoelectrochemical cells (PECs), and photocurrents are compared between two cells, i.e., an RuL2(NCS)2/DAPV/SWNTs/ITO cell and an RuL2(NCS)2/DAPV/C60@SWNTs/ITO cell. [L = 2,2'- bipyridine-4,4'-dicarboxylic acid, DAPV = di-(3-aminopropyl)-viologen, and ITO = indium-tin oxide] The photocurrents are increased by 70.6% in the presence of C60@SWNTs. To explain the photocurrent increase, the reverse-field emission method is used, i.e., RuL2(NCS)2/DAPV/SWNTs/ITO cell (or RuL2(NCS)2/DAPV/ C60@SWNTs/ITO cell) as an anode and a counter electrode Pt as a cathode in the external electric field. The improved field emission properties, i.e., β (field enhancement factor) and emission currents in the reverse-field emission with C60@SWNTs indicate the enhancement of the PEC electric field, which implies the improvement of the electron transfer rate along with the reduced charge recombination in the cell.
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