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Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS)

ISSN 0253-2964(Print)
ISSN 1229-5949(Online)
Volume 33, Number 7
BKCSDE 33(7)
July 20, 2012 

Equimolar Carbon Dioxide Absorption by Ether Functionalized Imidazolium Ionic Liquids
Pankaj Sharma, Sang Do Park, Ki Tae Park, Soon Kwan Jeong, Sung Chan Nam, Il Hyun Baek*
ILs, CO2 absorption, Ether, Imidazole, TSILs
A series [C3Omim][X] of imidazolium cation-based ILs, with ether functional group on the alkyl side-chain have been synthesized and structure of the materials were confirmed by various techniques like 1H, 13C NMR spectroscopy, MS-ESI, FTIR spectroscopy and EA. More specifically, the influence of changing the anion with same cation is carried out. The absorption capacity of CO2 for ILs were evaluated at 30 and 50 ºC at ambient pressure (0-1.6 bar). Ether functionalized ILs shows significantly high absorption capacity for CO2. In general, the CO2 absorption capacity of ILs increased with a rise in pressure and decreased when temperature was raised. The obtained results showed that absorption capacity reached about 0.9 mol CO2 per mol of IL at 30 ºC. The most probable mechanism of interaction of CO2 with ILs were investigated using FTIR spectroscopy, 13C NMR spectroscopy and result shows that the absorption of CO2 in ether functionalized ILs is a chemical process. The CO2 absorption results and detailed study indicates the predominance of 1:1 mechanism, where the CO2 reacts with one IL to form a carbamic acid. The CO2 absorption capacity of ILs for different anions follows the trend: BF4 < DCA < PF6 < TfO < Tf2N. Moreover, the as-synthesized ILs is selective, thermally stable, long life operational and can be recycled at a temperature of 70 ºC or under vacuum and can be used repeatedly.
2325 - 2332
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